1. Question: (TCO 1) The Neolithic Revolution was a result of
· Controlled planting of crops.
· Domestication of animals.
· Development of irrigation systems.
· All of the above.
2. Question: (TCO 1) According to Cowan, the pre-Civil War railroad system did not constitute a technological system because
· All the railroad lines were owned by the same company.
· Different gauge tracks prevented integration as a network.
· There were too many east-west trunk lines.
· It had sustained too much damage from the war.
3. Question: (TCOs 2 & 8) Rapid urbanization in Britain during the 19th century was the result of
· New enclosure laws in rural areas.
· A shift from household production to factory production.
· A growing dependence upon steam power.
· All of the above.
4. Question: (TCOs 2 & 8) The introduction of four uniform time zones in the United States was a direct result of
· The widespread introduction of mechanical clocks from China.
· The loss of influence of the Catholic Church.
· The impact of a fully integrated railroad system.
· The growth of commercialized farming in the 20th century.
5. Question: (TCO 4) one of the characteristics of Wiki art is
· It is all the property of Wikipedia.
· It’s collaborative and ever-changing.
· That finished pieces are sold on an online forum.
· That it allows professional artists a new medium.
6. (TCO 4) According to Winner, the design of a hoe (el cortito), reflects a political relationship because
· it was specifically designed for use by women.
· Its design was patented by commercial farming interests.
· It was used only by laborers on cotton plantations.
· The handle was intentionally made short to let supervisors know who wasn’t working.
7. Question: (TCO 8) The term Luddite refers to
· Investors in industrial society.
· Church leaders who supported child labor.
· Workers who rejected new technologies.
· Politicians who resisted factory reforms.
8. Question: (TCO 11) The intended reader of a scholarly resource would be
· All of the above
9. Question: (TCO 12) Bill Joy argues that the most dangerous aspect of GNR technologies is
· That they require rare and expensive materials.
· That developers need access to highly protected information.
· They are only in the hands of a few.
· Their ability to self-replicate.
10. Question: (TCO 12) In China, much research into genetically modified organisms is sponsored by the state, but in the west, research is
· Primarily publicly funded.
· Left solely to research universities.
· Driven by a handful of large for-profit corporations.
· Guided by public input and consultation.
You must complete all three essays. These essays are worth 50 points each, so please take the time to think through your answers and review them before submitting.
These essays should be a minimum of five paragraphs in length each. They should contain a clear thesis statement in the first paragraph (an answer to the question!). Make sure your explanation is clear and that you provide specific examples. Any quotes from the readings or external materials must include quotation marks and an in-text citation. Failure to identify quoted material could result in a 0 for the exam and a formal academic dishonesty charge.
(TCOs 1 & 2) Why does Cowan believe it is important to examine technologies in the context of technological systems? What advantage does this broader perspective give to planners? Give a specific current technological example (not it the reading) in support of your answer.
(TCOs 4 & 8) Explain in your own words your understanding of Wajcman’s critique of technological determinism. How does her reasoning compare with Winner’s argument that technologies can actually reflect political relationships? Provide examples.
(TCOs 3 & 4) How have changes in communications technologies affected how we write and what we write? How do wikis and blogs compare to traditional forms such as textbooks and newspaper editorials? Please be specific.
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