The Gagne-Briggs theory of instructional design argues that Answer The learning process cannot be influenced by the trainer The external events influence the internal learning process Presenting the material should be the first step in training program The order of events does not alter the results . 4 points Question 2 The formula for performance (M X KSA X E) suggests Answer only two of the three factors need to be favorable to obtain high performance. if motivation is high and KSA's are adequate, at least moderate performance will be achieved. if the environment is highly conducive to high performance, then motivation is not very important. none of the above are correct. . 4 points Question 3 Which of following statements about expectancy theory is true? Answer Expectancy 2 is related to self-efficacy. Valence is the measure used for expectancy 1. Expectancy 1 is 1.0 when related to a decision making (go vs. no go) process. The valence of outcomes is the same for everyone. Expectancy 1 is directly related to valence of outcomes . 4 points Question 4 A basic premise in Social Learning Theory is Answer a behaviorist approach to learning a person learns through observation rather then through doing. events can be learned without being processed Consequences of behavior do not influence learning . 4 points Question 5 Understanding needs theory is important in the training process because: Answer Needs theory helps identify reasons why some people do not perform well Needs theory can help determine what kind of training will be more effective Needs theory can inform the choice of environment where training is held Needs theory can help identify motivators that will improve performance All of the above . 4 points Question 6 The _____ the self efficacy, the _____ the performance. Answer higher; worse higher; better lower; worse lower; better all of the above are possible . 4 points Question 7 Theories are Answer useful for model building but impractical for practitioners. generally developed by all of us to help us understand how things work in our world. concrete steps in the "how to" world. useful when they describe a set of facts and develop a logical rationale for what is likely to be true, given those facts. both B & D. . 4 points Question 8 Who laid the foundation for reinforcement theory? Answer Maslow Skinner Bandura Freud Thorndike . 4 points Question 9 Which of the following depicts negative reinforcement? Answer after you do something you are yelled at After you do something you receive a reward After you do something you receive no reward None of the above depict negative reinforcement . 4 points Question 10 Which of the following is a "process" theory of motivation? Answer ERG theory Maslow's hierarchy of needs Reinforcement theory Both A & B
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