Discussion Board Forums Instructions
For each Discussion Board Forum, you must research the topic and provide a well-written answer to the prompt. Your thread must be between 250–300 words. You must incorporate at least 2 scholarly sources (in addition to your textbook) for your thread. You must cite your sources parenthetically in the text as needed and provide full citations at the end of each posting in current APA format.
You must also post replies to 2 other students’ threads which must be at least 150 words and use 1 scholarly source for each reply. You are encouraged to read each post on the Discussion Board Forums. Make sure to use correct spelling and grammar for all Discussion Board Forum postings.
NOTE: Scholarly sources can be books, journal articles, law review articles, etc. While you may use the textbook, the Bible, cases, and statutes; they will not count toward the minimum number of sources.
Responding to a classmate’s post requires both the addition of new ideas and analysis. A particular point made by the classmate must be addressed and built upon by your analysis in order to move the conversation forward. Thus, the response post is a rigorous assignment that requires you to build upon initial posts to develop deeper and more thorough discussion of the ideas introduced in the initial posts. As such, reply posts that merely affirm, restate or unprofessionally quarrel with the previous post(s) and fail to make a valuable, substantive contribution to the discussion will receive appropriate point deductions.
This course utilizes the Post-First feature in all Discussion Board Forums. This means you will only be able to read and interact with your classmates’ threads after you have submitted your thread in response to the provided prompt. For additional information on Post-First, click here for a tutorial.
Your thread is due by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Friday of the assigned modules/weeks, and your replies are due by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Monday of the same assigned modules/weeks.
The first instance where Jesus addresses the direct question of sentencing the death penalty, dealt with the story of the “woman caught in adultery.” (John 8:2-11). (Snyder Belousek, 2009). This demonstrated the biblical bases of the death penalty. It deals with Jesus acting to fulfill God’s covenant justice, which brings good news for the poor, justice that transcends retribution to redemption. (Snyder Belousek, 2009). Its purpose was to make sure that all parties received equal protection according to the law guidelines. (Snyder Belousek, 2009).
The Old Testament allowed the death penalty under stringent conditions, the New Testament removed any possibility of any support of capital punishment. Jesus created a new social order under the kingdom of God, non-dependent on the use of social, political, or police power, in the New Testament. (Mandery, 2012).
In Atkins v. Virginia, the court held that the cruel and unusual punishment clause of the Eighth Amendment prohibited imposition of the death penalty on defendants with mental retardation. (Gardner & Anderson, 2015). In Tennard v. Dretke, defendants did not have present evidence of mental retardation in capital cases that showed a connection between his or her mental capacity and the crime committed, (Gardner & Anderson, 2015). In Roper v. Simmons, capital punishment for a capital crime while under the age of 18 it unconstitutional. (Gardner & Anderson, 2015). The court ruled that juveniles are immature, and irresponsible, and their reckless actions does not reflect their true character. (Gardner & Anderson, 2015).
The death penalty does not provide a valid punishment option as it is unconstitutional. The death penalty is used for certain federal crimes, for example: the assassination of the president, vice president, member of congress, cabinet member, or Supreme Court justice.
Gardner, T. J., & Anderson, T. M. (2015). Criminal Law. Boston: Cengage Learning.
Mandery, E. J. (2012). Capital Punishment in America: A Balanaced Examination 2nd edition. Salisbury: Bartlett Learning LLC.
Snyder Belousek, D. W. (2009). Capital Punishment, Covenant Justice and the Cross of Christ: The Death Penalty in the Life and Death of Jesus. Mennonite Quarterly Review, 1.
In the Bible it talks about the death penalty and when it should be used. In Genesis 9:6, God told Noah that the penalty for intentional murder should be death: “Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed, for God made man in his own image.” So the death penalty is brought up very early in the Bible. In the old and new testament the message stays the same that the death penalty is something that is allowed and should happen for the most horrendous crimes. We already talked about the old testament and what the Lord said about murder. Well in the new testament “is the servant of God, an avenger who carries out God’s wrath on the evildoer.” [Romans 13:4] So the Lord is saying that the government and the people in the society have the right to be the wrath of the Lord. The Supreme Court held in Ford v. Wainwright (477 U.S. 399 (1986)) that executing the insane is unconstitutional. However, if an inmate’s mental competency has been restored, he or she can then be executed. Inmates who are intellectually disabled (mentally retarded) also cannot be executed. Inmates who are mentally ill, but not insane, have no such exemption. In March 2005, the UnitedStatesSupremeCourt ruled that the death penalty for those who had committed their crimes at under 18 years of age was cruel and unusual punishment and hence barred by the Constitution. The death penalty is something that needs to take place more often in our society there has been a rising crime rate and some of that is because punishments are not as bad as they use to be.
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